Development and implementation of practical, cost-effective, ecologically sound and readily adoptable integrated confinement and pasture fly management programs for dairy and beef cattle (both conventional and organic) producers in the US. CALS Impact Statement uri icon

abstract

  • Our studies are identifying practical, cost-effective, and readily adoptable solutions that will aid dairy and beef cattle producers (both conventional and organic) in reducing the significant impact of confinement and pasture flies on their cattle.