Development and implementation of practical, cost-effective, ecologically sound and readily adoptable integrated confinement and pasture fly management programs for dairy and beef cattle (both conventional and organic) producers in the US. CALS Impact Statement uri icon


  • Our studies are identifying practical, cost-effective, and readily adoptable solutions that will aid dairy and beef cattle producers (both conventional and organic) in reducing the significant impact of confinement and pasture flies on their cattle.